تالارگفتمان پایگاه اینترنتی امدادگران ایران

نسخه‌ی کامل: کوه گرفتگی
شما در حال مشاهده‌ی نسخه‌ی متنی این صفحه می‌باشید. مشاهده‌ی نسخه‌ی کامل با قالب بندی مناسب.
غير از افراد بومي که در مناطق با ارتفاع بالا زندگي مي کنند بسياري از افراد بخصوص در اين فصل ،‌ جهت تفريح و يا ديگر فعاليتهاي ورزشي ، علاقه به صعود به ارتفاعات دارند . در اين قبيل کوه پيمايي ها بايد مراقب بيماري حاد کوهستان و يا کوه گرفتگي باشيد . از هر سه نفري که از ارتفاع پايين به ارتفاع متوسط حدود ۷۰۰۰ پا صعود مي کنند ، يک نفر مبتلا به اين بيماري مي شود . علت آن دقيقا‌ً مشخص نيست اما آن را به کاهش ميزان اکسيژن در ارتفاعات نسبت مي دهند . بيماري طي ۴ الي ۷۲ ساعت اول صعود ايجاد مي شود و شايعترين علامت آن سردرد است . بهترين درمان آن کاهش سريع ارتفاع است و بدترين اشتباه بی توجهی به گرفتن علائم خفيف اوليه است چرا که منجر به عوارض بسيار خطرناک از جمله افزايش فشار مغزي مي شود .

براي پيشگيري از اين بيماري هنگام کوه پیمایی موارد زير را حتماً رعايت کنيد :

سرعت صعود شما حداکثر روزي ۳۰۰ متر باشد .

اگر مي خواهيد تنها يک روز به اين تفريخ بپردازيد بهتر است خيلي سريع صعود کرده و بلافاصله بعد از آن به ارتفاع پايين تر بيائيد . اين عمل بايد در کمتر از ۲۴ ساعت انجام شود .

اگر مي خواهيد مدتي را در ارتفاع بالا اقامت کنيد قبل از رسيدن به ارتفاع اصلي چند روزي را در ارتفاع پائين تر براي تطابق بدن با ارتفاع ، بسر بريد .

مصرف مايعات را افزايش دهيد و رژيم غذايي پرکربوهيدارت ( مواد قندي و نشاسته ) استفاده کنيد.

داروهايي نيز براي پيشگيري از اين بيماري وجود دارد که براي مصرف آنها حتماً با يک پزشک مشورت کنيد .
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